Arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis – results and complications

a systematic review

  • Jorge Miguel Gonzales Dutra Unievangélica, Centro Universitário, Anápolis, GO, Brazil and Hospital Santa Marcelina, São Paulo, SP, Brazil https://orcid.org/
  • Victor Azuréu Barcelos Unievangélica, Centro Universitário, Anápolis, GO, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6595-9413
  • Sérgio Damião Santos Prata Hospital Santa Marcelina, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Marco Antônio Giglione Rizzo Hospital Santa Marcelina, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Ricardo Luiz Ramos Filho Unievangélica, Centro Universitário, Anápolis, GO, Brazil https://orcid.org/
  • Diego Bento de Oliveira Unievangélica, Centro Universitário, Anápolis, GO, Brazil
Keywords: Arthrodesis, Subtalar joint, Arthroscopy

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the results and complications of the subtalar arthrodesis technique conducted via arthroscopy. Methods: Searches were run on PubMed/Medline and Google Scholar for publications dated from 2007 to 2020. Original articles were included that reported the results of at least one comparative postoperative scale. Methodological quality was assessed using the PRISMA tool. Union rate, complications, and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score were prioritized. Results: A total of 124 references were identified and, after application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria and the PRISMA tool, 9 articles were eligible. A total of 180 patients were analyzed, with mean postoperative follow-up of 18 months (± 6) and with before and after AOFAS scores varying from 44 to 79 with p<0.001, demonstrating statistical relevance with significant improvement of AOFAS scores during the postoperative period. Deformity correction, improvement of pain, and rates of union were good and there was clinical improvement according to postoperative AOFAS scores, with few complications. However, the heterogeneous nature of studies, with
variations in techniques and samples, prevents generalization of the findings. Conclusion: The results of arthroscopic surgery for subtalar arthrodesis are good and rates of complications are low, but there are still
few studies with high evidence levels that demonstrate the efficacy of the technique, although preliminary results are encouraging. Level of Evidence I; Therapeutic Studies; Systematic Review.

Published
30-08-2020
How to Cite
Dutra, J. M. G., Barcelos, V. A., Prata, S. D. S., Rizzo, M. A. G., Ramos Filho, R. L., & Oliveira, D. B. de. (2020). Arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis – results and complications: a systematic review. Journal of the Foot & Ankle, 14(2), 205-210. https://doi.org/10.30795/jfootankle.2020.v14.1173