PO 18101 - Talar body reconstruction for nonunions and malunions

  • Alexandre Leme Godoy dos Santos Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Marcos Hideyo Sakaki Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Rodrigo Sousa Macedo Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Rafael Barban Sposeto Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Rafael Trevizan Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Tulio Diniz Fernandes Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Keywords: Nonunion, Pseudoarthrosis, Talar fracture

Abstract

Introduction: Talar body and neck nonunions and malunions may undergo reconstructive surgery when joint cartilage is still viable and no talar collapse or infection has occurred. This is a rare condition, and studies supporting the procedure have a small number of cases. Objective: To report a case series of six patients who underwent talar reconstructions. Methods: Six patients with talar malunions or nonunions who underwent surgical treatment were reviewed in this retrospective study. There were three nonunions and two malunions of the talar body and one malunion of the talar neck. Clinical evaluation included all the parameters used in the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot scale. Arthritic degeneration of the ankle joint was assessed according to a modified Bargon scale. Results: The mean follow-up was 86 months (range 24-282 months). There were no cases of postoperative avascular necrosis of the talus. Four of the six patients in our series required a subtalar fusion as part of the reconstructive procedure. The average preoperative AOFAS hindfoot score was 34; at the time of the last evaluation, it was 74. The mean preoperative score on the modified Bargon scale for the tibiotalar joint was 1.17. At the last follow-up, it rose to 1.33. Three different deformities of the talus were identified: (a) flattening of the talus; (b) extra-articular step; (c) intraarticular step. Conclusion: Reconstruction of talar nonunions and malunions improved function in selected patients with a low risk of complications. Three different anatomical patterns of talar nonunions and malunions were identified.

Published
11-11-2019
How to Cite
Godoy dos Santos, A. L., Hideyo Sakaki, M., Sousa Macedo, R., Barban Sposeto, R., Trevizan, R., & Diniz Fernandes, T. (2019). PO 18101 - Talar body reconstruction for nonunions and malunions. Scientific Journal of the Foot & Ankle, 13(Supl 1), 12S. https://doi.org/10.30795/scijfootankle.2019.v13.1013